Assembly of flanged connections

Qualified assembly is extremely important to integrity & tightness of flanged connections. It is not just about applying the specified torque (prestress) during assembly. According to our philosophy assembly should be regarded as essential step of quality control.

Depending on the requirements, the assembly procedure used can range from a hammer wrench to hydraulic tensioners combined with bolt force measurement.

 

Hydraulic tensioning

Regarding flanged joints that have to be tight in any case like joints of components which are important to safety (e.g. in nuclear power plants) or flanged joints of components that contain dangerous medium, we prefer hydraulic tensioning. Compared to methods that apply torque, friction effects are of less significance and bolt torsion is very low. Furthermore, all bolts in a connection can be tightened simultaneously, thus, a complicated tightening sequence is not necessary. Also, during the tightening process the elements of the joint – especially the sealing elements – are loaded higher than the future prestress, usually. This accelerates plastic deformation, excellent seating is a result.

 

Bolt force measurement

Regarding critical joints it is recommended to control bolt forces. The resulting levels of bolt stress and the stress distribution are monitored during assembly. amtec developed a variety of systems permitting comprehensive control of the tightening procedure.

 

TEMES fl.ctrl

amtec provides hydraulic tensioning tools for all kinds of flanged connections – individual tensioners or modules with multiple tensioners – tailored to customers needs. more...

Individual tensioner on a flanged connection

Individual tensioner on a flanged connection
 

Tensioner module with 6 tensioners on one support ring

Tensioner module with 6 tensioners on one support ring
 

TEMES okto.rc

In addition to the hydraulic tensioning tools amtec provides specially developed elongation measurement sensors to control bolt force.

The bolts of the joint are equipped with internal pins. Loaded, the bolts become longer; the internal pins remain on their initial length even under load. Thus the bolt elongation with load can be measured; it is proportional to the force applied – this can be calibrated.

The bolt elongation / bolt load is monitored using electronic dial extensometers with wireless data transmission to a laptop computer.

Bolt with tension shank and internal pin

Bolt with tension shank and internal pin
 

All stages of the tightening process can be documented.

Hydraulic tensioning equipment with electronic dial extensometers

Hydraulic tensioning equipment with electronic dial extensometers
 

Hydraulic tensioning equipment with wireless digital indicators

Hydraulic tensioning equipment with wireless digital indicators
 

TEMES us.ms

Ultrasonics can be used to record the prestresses in the bolts during assembly. An ultrasonic pulse is emitted at one end of the bolt; it runs through the bolt and is reflected at the opposite end as an echo which returns to the test head. The time for the ultrasonic pulse to travel between each end of the bolt is used to measure the bolt elongation. Calibrated this allows control of bolt forces applied.

Ultrasonic measurement unit for measuring bolt forces

Ultrasonic measurement unit for measuring bolt forces